Wednesday, March 11, 2020
Inventor Otis Boykin Improved the Electrical Resistor
Inventor Otis Boykin Improved the Electrical Resistor Otis Boykin is best known for inventing an improved electrical resistor used in computers, radios, television sets and a variety of electronic devices.Ã Boykin invented a variable resistor used in guided missile parts and a control unit for heart stimulators; theÃ unit was used in the artificial heart pacemaker, a device created to produce electrical shocks to the heart to maintain a healthy heart rate. He patented more than 25Ã electronic devices, and hisÃ inventions greatly assisted him in overcoming the obstacles that society placed in front of himÃ during that era of segregation. Boykins inventions also helped the world achieve the technology so prevalent today. Biography of Otis Boykin Otis Boykin was born on Aug. 29, 1920, in Dallas, Texas. After graduating from Fisk University in 1941 in Nashville, Tennessee, heÃ was employed as a laboratory assistant for the Majestic Radio and TV Corporation of Chicago, testing automatic controls for airplanes. He later became a research engineer with the P.J. Nilsen Research Laboratories, and he eventually founded his own company, Boykin-Fruth Inc. Hal Fruth was his mentor at the time and business partner. Boykin continued his education at the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago from 1946 to 1947, but he had to drop out when he could no longer pay tuition. Undeterred, he began to work harder on his own inventions in electronics - including resistors, whichÃ slow the flow of electricity and allowÃ a safe amount of electricity to move through a device. Boykins Patents He earned his first patent in 1959 for a wire precision resistor, which - according to MIT - allowed for the designation of a precise amount of resistance for a specific purpose. He patented an electrical resistor in 1961 that was easy to produce and inexpensive. This patent - a huge breakthrough in science - had theÃ ability to Ã¢â¬Å"withstand extreme accelerations and shocks and great temperature changes without danger of breakage of the fine resistance wire or other detrimental effects.Ã¢â¬ Due to the significant cost reduction of electrical components and the fact that the electrical resistor was more reliable than others on the market, theÃ U.S. military utilizedÃ this device for guided missiles; IBM used it for computers. The Life of Boykin BoykinÃ¢â¬â¢s inventions allowed him to work as a consultant in the United States and in Paris from 1964 to 1982. According to MIT, heÃ created an electrical capacitor in 1965 and an electrical resistance capacitor in 1967, as well as a number of electrical resistance elements. Boykin also created consumer innovations, including a burglar-proof cash register and a chemical air filter.Ã TheÃ electrical engineer and inventorÃ will forever be known as one of the most talented scientists of the 20th century.Ã He earned the CulturalÃ Science Achievement Award for his progressive work in the medical field.Ã BoykinÃ continued to work on resistors until he died of heart failure in 1982 in Chicago.